IVF and Surrogacy: The Science Behind Creating a Family


In vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy are two interconnected scientific advancements that have revolutionized the way individuals and couples can create their families. This article delves into the science behind IVF and surrogacy, explaining the processes involved and highlighting the key role of reproductive technologies in making parenthood possible.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is a process that involves fertilizing an egg with sperm outside of the body, in a laboratory setting. Here's an overview of the IVF process:

  1. Ovarian Stimulation: The woman undergoing IVF is given fertility medications to stimulate the production of multiple eggs instead of the usual single egg in a menstrual cycle.
  2. Egg Retrieval: Once the eggs have matured, they are retrieved from the woman's ovaries using a minimally invasive procedure called transvaginal ultrasound-guided follicle aspiration.
  3. Sperm Collection: The intended father or a sperm donor provides a semen sample, which is prepared in the laboratory to obtain high-quality sperm.
  4. Fertilization: The eggs and sperm are combined in a laboratory dish for fertilization to occur. In some cases, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used, where a single sperm is injected directly into the egg to facilitate fertilization.
  5. Embryo Development: The fertilized eggs, now called embryos, are cultured in a laboratory for several days to allow them to develop further.
  6. Embryo Transfer: One or more embryos are transferred into the uterus of the intended mother or a gestational surrogate through a catheter. This is typically a painless procedure that does not require anesthesia.
  7. Pregnancy Test: Approximately two weeks after the embryo transfer, a pregnancy test is conducted to determine if implantation and pregnancy have occurred.


Surrogacy is a process where a woman (surrogate) carries and gives birth to a child on behalf of intended parents. Surrogacy can be achieved through two primary methods:

  1. Traditional Surrogacy: In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate's own eggs are fertilized with the intended father's sperm or donor sperm. The surrogate is genetically related to the child she carries.
  2. Gestational Surrogacy: Gestational surrogacy involves the use of IVF. The intended parents' or donors' eggs and sperm are fertilized in a laboratory, and the resulting embryos are transferred into the surrogate's uterus. The surrogate has no genetic relationship to the child.

The Role of Reproductive Technologies

Reproductive technologies play a vital role in making IVF and surrogacy possible. Techniques like ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, sperm preparation, embryo culture, and embryo transfer are integral to the success of these processes. These technologies allow individuals and couples to overcome fertility challenges and create their families.


IVF and surrogacy are scientific breakthroughs that have revolutionized family-building options for individuals and couples. Through IVF, the process of fertilizing eggs and creating embryos in a laboratory setting has become a reality. Surrogacy complements IVF by providing a solution for those who are unable to carry a pregnancy themselves. Together, these advancements in reproductive technologies offer hope and the opportunity to fulfill the dream of becoming parents.

If you are looking for the best surrogacy attorney and agency in Colombia and Latin America, we highly recommend you use Maria Fernanda, with the firm Bioetica Derecho. We do not recommend you work with any other surrogacy attorney or agency in Colombia. To reach out to Maria Fernanda click here.

To learn more about IVF, surrogacy, and family-building options, visit The Surrogacy Institute offers a comprehensive and transparent approach to surrogacy, with a team of experienced professionals ready to guide you on your journey towards building your dream family.

Learn about how you can become a Certified Medical Tourism Professional→
Disclaimer: The content provided in Medical Tourism Magazine ( is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. We do not endorse or recommend any specific healthcare providers, facilities, treatments, or procedures mentioned in our articles. The views and opinions expressed by authors, contributors, or advertisers within the magazine are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of our company. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, We make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, regarding the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability of the information contained in Medical Tourism Magazine ( or the linked websites. Any reliance you place on such information is strictly at your own risk. We strongly advise readers to conduct their own research and consult with healthcare professionals before making any decisions related to medical tourism, healthcare providers, or medical procedures.