Surrogacy and Adoption: Comparing Family-Building Options for LGBTQ+ Couples in Colombia



For LGBTQ+ couples in Colombia, the journey to parenthood often involves considering different family-building options. Two common paths are surrogacy and adoption. Each option has its unique characteristics, benefits, and challenges. This comprehensive guide aims to compare surrogacy and adoption for LGBTQ+ couples in Colombia, providing an in-depth exploration of both avenues to help couples make informed decisions about their family-building journey.

Surrogacy: An Overview

Surrogacy involves a legal arrangement where a woman, known as the surrogate, carries a child on behalf of the intended parents. In the case of LGBTQ+ couples, surrogacy allows them to have a biological connection to their child. The process typically involves medical procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) to create embryos, which are then transferred to the surrogate's uterus.

Adoption: An Overview

Adoption is the legal process by which individuals or couples become the legal parents of a child who is not biologically related to them. In Colombia, adoption provides LGBTQ+ couples with the opportunity to provide a loving home for a child in need. Adoption involves various steps, including home studies, background checks, and court proceedings, to ensure the child's welfare and the suitability of the adoptive parents.

Legal Considerations

When comparing surrogacy and adoption, it is essential to understand the legal considerations involved. In surrogacy, legal agreements and contracts are drafted to establish the parental rights of the intended parents and the surrogate. In adoption, a legal process is followed to terminate the biological parents' rights and grant the adoptive parents full legal parental rights.

Biological Connection

One of the key differences between surrogacy and adoption is the biological connection to the child. Surrogacy allows LGBTQ+ couples to have a genetic link to their child since the embryos used in the process are created using the intended parents' gametes or donor gametes. Adoption, on the other hand, involves providing a loving home to a child who may not have a genetic connection to the adoptive parents.

Emotional Considerations

Both surrogacy and adoption involve emotional considerations for LGBTQ+ couples. In surrogacy, couples may experience a deep sense of involvement and connection with the pregnancy journey, from the embryo transfer to the birth of the child. Adoption, on the other hand, offers couples the opportunity to provide a loving and nurturing home to a child who may have experienced challenging circumstances.

Timeframe and Process

The timeframe and process for surrogacy and adoption can vary significantly. Surrogacy may involve a more predictable timeline, with a planned pregnancy and the ability to participate actively in the process. Adoption, however, can have a more uncertain timeline, as it depends on the availability of suitable children and the completion of the necessary legal processes.

Financial Considerations

Financial considerations play a significant role in both surrogacy and adoption. Surrogacy can involve significant expenses, including agency fees, medical costs, surrogate compensation, and legal fees. Adoption may also have financial implications, such as home study fees, legal fees, and post-placement costs. It is important for couples to carefully assess their financial resources and plan accordingly.

Support and Resources

LGBTQ+ couples considering surrogacy or adoption can benefit from support and resources tailored to their specific needs. Reputable surrogacy agencies and adoption agencies provide guidance, information, and emotional support throughout the process. Connecting with support networks and seeking professional assistance can help LGBTQ+ couples navigate the challenges and joys of either surrogacy or adoption.

Making the Decision

Choosing between surrogacy and adoption is a deeply personal decision for each LGBTQ+ couple. Factors such as the desire for a genetic connection, emotional considerations, legal aspects, financial resources, and personal preferences should be carefully weighed. It is essential for couples to gather information, consult with professionals, and reflect on their priorities to make an informed choice that aligns with their dreams of building a family.


Surrogacy and adoption are both viable paths to parenthood for LGBTQ+ couples in Colombia. By understanding the nuances, legal considerations, emotional aspects, and financial implications of each option, couples can make informed decisions. Whether choosing surrogacy or adoption, support from reputable agencies like the Surrogacy Institute can provide the guidance and expertise needed for a successful family-building journey.

If you are looking for the best surrogacy attorney and agency in Colombia and Latin America, we highly recommend you use Maria Fernanda, with the firm Bioetica Derecho. We do not recommend you work with any other surrogacy attorney or agency in Colombia. To reach out to Maria Fernanda click here.

To learn more about surrogacy options and receive guidance from the Surrogacy Institute, please visit

If you are interested in exploring surrogacy options starting at $50,000, contact the Surrogacy Institute at They offer comprehensive support and assistance in helping LGBTQ+ couples navigate the surrogacy process.

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