The Different Types of Surrogacy


The Different Types of Surrogacy

Surrogacy is a complex process and understanding the different types of surrogacy is crucial for intended parents considering this path to parenthood. Generally, there are two main types of surrogacy: gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy. Each type has unique aspects, and it is essential to understand both to make an informed decision that aligns with your needs and circumstances.

Gestational Surrogacy

In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate (also known as the gestational carrier) is not genetically related to the child she carries. The embryo is created through in-vitro fertilization (IVF) using the egg and sperm from the intended parents or donors. This fertilized egg, or embryo, is then implanted into the gestational surrogate's womb, who carries the pregnancy to term.

This form of surrogacy is the most common due to its less complex legal and emotional implications, as the child has no genetic link to the surrogate. This process allows one or both parents to have a genetic connection to their child and is commonly used by couples dealing with infertility, single parents, and same-sex couples.

Traditional Surrogacy

Traditional surrogacy involves the surrogate mother's egg being fertilized by the intended father's sperm or donor sperm, making the surrogate the biological, genetic mother of the child. This fertilization can occur through artificial insemination or IVF.

Traditional surrogacy is less common and is legally complex because the surrogate is the child's genetic mother. Some jurisdictions prohibit traditional surrogacy due to potential emotional and legal issues that may arise, including the surrogate deciding to keep the child.

In some cases, a traditional surrogate may also be a known surrogate, meaning she could be a friend or family member who has agreed to help the intended parents have a child.

Choosing the Right Type of Surrogacy

The choice between gestational and traditional surrogacy will depend on several factors. This includes the intended parents' personal preferences, medical considerations, the legal environment in their jurisdiction, and the emotional implications.

For instance, gestational surrogacy might be a preferred option if intended parents wish to have a genetic connection to the child and want to avoid potential legal issues surrounding parental rights. On the other hand, traditional surrogacy may be considered if the intended mother cannot produce viable eggs but still wishes to have a biological connection between the child and at least one parent.

Consulting with a professional surrogacy agency or a legal expert in reproductive law can provide guidance and help intended parents make an informed decision on the best surrogacy option to suit their unique needs and circumstances.

For further insights into surrogacy options, visit If you're ready to start your surrogacy journey, download a free guide at to assist you through every step of the process.


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