Understanding the Legalities of Surrogacy Agreements in Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico


The journey towards parenthood through surrogacy is an emotional and rewarding path for many individuals and couples. However, it is also a process laden with legal complexities and challenges. An essential element in any surrogacy journey is the surrogacy agreement. This legal contract safeguards the rights, responsibilities, and expectations of all parties involved—surrogate mothers, intended parents, and surrogacy agencies. In this article, we explore the legal nuances of surrogacy agreements in Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico.

Argentina: A Legal Gray Area

Surrogacy in Argentina operates in a nebulous legal area, as the country’s laws do not explicitly address the issue. Argentine law operates on the principle of mater semper certa est (the mother is always certain), which traditionally defines the mother as the woman who gives birth to a child. Consequently, this makes it legally challenging for intended parents to assert their parental rights.

While surrogacy agreements can be drafted in Argentina, their enforceability remains uncertain due to the absence of legislation specifically governing surrogacy. It is crucial for intended parents and surrogates to engage a knowledgeable legal team or surrogacy agency, one that understands the intricacies of Argentine law, to ensure that the agreement is as robust as possible.

Colombia: Altruistic Surrogacy

In Colombia, altruistic surrogacy—where the surrogate mother does not receive any financial compensation beyond reasonable expenses—is recognized as legal. The 2009 ruling by the Colombian Constitutional Court declared that the right to procreate and access reproductive technologies is constitutionally protected. However, commercial surrogacy—where the surrogate mother is paid a fee—is not legally recognized.

Surrogacy agreements in Colombia reflect this distinction. Altruistic surrogacy agreements typically detail the coverage of medical and ancillary costs for the surrogate, with no provision for additional compensation. It is essential for intended parents and surrogates to seek expert legal advice to ensure that the agreement complies with Colombian laws and protects all parties involved.

Mexico: State-Specific Legislation

In Mexico, surrogacy laws vary by state, presenting unique legal complexities. Commercial surrogacy is explicitly legal and regulated only in the states of Tabasco and Sinaloa, while it remains undefined in the rest of the country.

Surrogacy agreements in Tabasco and Sinaloa must adhere to specific state regulations. These agreements must specify the terms of compensation for the surrogate, the responsibilities of the intended parents, and detailed provisions regarding the welfare of the surrogate and the unborn child. As surrogacy agreements in Mexico must comply with state-specific legislation, legal counsel or surrogacy agencies with experience in these regions is a must.


While surrogacy agreements serve as the foundation of any surrogacy journey, understanding the legal landscape in Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico is essential. Engaging a reputable surrogacy agency or legal team can provide invaluable support in navigating these complex legal waters.

If you are considering surrogacy and want to better understand your options, please visit the They offer holistic, honest, and transparent surrogacy services. For a comprehensive guide to starting your surrogacy journey, you can download a free guide

Embark on your surrogacy journey informed and prepared. Remember, the journey to parenthood, while complex, is also beautiful and profoundly rewarding. The Surrogacy Institute is here to guide you every step of the way.


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